Before initiating the survey, each participant signed an informed written consent after being provided details of the study, the benefits and risks associated with participation, and confidentiality. The influence of normative gender roles. Because different sociocultural embedded life trajectories and social circumstances in both men and women have a powerful effect on their smoking behaviors, it is necessary to develop smoking prevention and cessation strategies and policies not only based on gender differences but also within a specific sociocultural context. In this study, we compared the personal and sociocultural determinants of the decision to start smoking, continue smoking, and quit smoking in men and women in Taiwan and found gender differences in the individual and environmental determinants of this behavior. Gender differences in teenage smoking. The data for this study were derived from a multistage stratified random sample administered between August and September Smoking Initiation and Beliefs in Men and Women.
Malaysia and the Philippines.
Gender Differences in Smoking Behaviors in an Asian Population
Apart from trade liberalization and tobacco marketing, modernization, liberalization, changes in women's role in society, and social interests have added to the higher prevalence of smoking in women. In our univariate analyses, continuous variables were compared using chi-square, and categorical variables were compared by t tests. This is unfortunate, for according the report of the Surgeon General, 11 people who smoke to satisfy an emotional need are less likely to be affected by price, taxation, nicotine replacement therapy, and restrictions of smoking in public places. Find articles by Chung-Lin Yang. Socioeconomics status over the life course and stages of cigarette use: Women talk to women about tobacco: